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This section contains scientific articles, reports and other documents related to energy poverty.

Komives, K., Foster, V., Halpern, J. and Wodon, Q.

Utility subsidies to consumers of water and electricity services are often justified as a mechanism for making services affordable for the poor. After all, an estimated 1.1 billion people in the developing world lack access to safe water, 2 billion are without electricity, and 2.4 billion...Read more

Pereira, M.P., Freitas, M.A.V. and Silva, N.F.
In recent years successive Brazilian governments have actively pursued economic and social policies aimed at reducing poverty and promoting social equality and inclusion. In the field of energy, this has meant introducing and implementing programs aimed at expanding the supply of safe and reliable...Read more
Dobbins, A. et al.

Energy is central to driving not only productivity in the broader economy, but has a fundamental role for enabling minimum living standards in the residential sector through the energy services provided. These energy services are crucial to ensure warm homes, provide water...Read more

Pereira, M.P., Freitas, M.A.V. and Silva, N.F.
Most developing countries include rural electrification programs in their efforts to improve social conditions. There are, however, several obstacles to the evaluation of such programs and therefore of their social, economic, environmental and energy impacts on the target population, particularly...Read more