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This section contains scientific articles, reports and other documents related to energy poverty.

Ruggeri Laderchi, C., Olivier, A., and Trimble, C.

The cost of energy in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, as elsewhere, is an important policy issue, as shown by the concerns for energy affordability during the past harsh winter. Governments try to moderate the burden of energy expenditures that is experienced by households through subsidies to...Read more

Fankhauser, S. and Tepic, S.

Low-income households spend a substantial share of their income on utility services such as electricity, heating and water. The difficulty of these socially vulnerable consumers to absorb further price increases is often used as an argument against tariff reform. However, detailed quantitative...Read more

Ürge-Vorsatz, D., Miladinova, G. and Paizs, L.

The fall of communism left some of the most polluting and wasteful energy sectors of the World in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). After 15 years of restructuring, eight of these countries have joined the European Union (EU), closing an era of economic transitions. What progress has been made...Read more

The World Bank

Households in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union receive several types of utility subsidies in order to receive utility services without having to sacrifice other essential needs. This report aims to provide a conceptual framework and methodology for the evaluation of utility...Read more

Krishnaswamy, V.

This report reviews the non-payment problems in the electricity sector in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union during the period 1990-1997. In addition, the review also covers the problem of low cash collections and the preference in some countries for the use of cash substitutes such as...Read more

Gray, D.

The common economies of the former Soviet Union (FSU) and Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) had a large capacity to supply energy from gas and oil produced in Russia, as well as from locally produced poor quality coal and nuclear energy. Energy demand has dropped with the contraction of economic...Read more