Back to top


This section contains scientific articles, reports and other documents related to energy poverty.

Ruggeri Laderchi, C., Olivier, A., and Trimble, C.

The cost of energy in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, as elsewhere, is an important policy issue, as shown by the concerns for energy affordability during the past harsh winter. Governments try to moderate the burden of energy expenditures that is experienced by households through subsidies to...Read more

Fankhauser, S. and Tepic, S.

Low-income households spend a substantial share of their income on utility services such as electricity, heating and water. The difficulty of these socially vulnerable consumers to absorb further price increases is often used as an argument against tariff reform. However, detailed quantitative...Read more

Lampietti, J., and Meyer, A.

Heating is a critical issue for people's livelihoods in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The region's cold climate, the legacy of central planning, and the drop in household incomes over the past 10 years influence profoundly the design of heating strategies for the urban poor. This paper...Read more

The World Bank

Households in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union receive several types of utility subsidies in order to receive utility services without having to sacrifice other essential needs. This report aims to provide a conceptual framework and methodology for the evaluation of utility...Read more