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Policies affecting energy poverty in Belgium: paradoxes between social and climate policies


This paper sketches the framework of policies dealing, often indirectly, with energy poverty in Belgium and originating in social laws, a federal competence. As most competences related to energy are dealt with at the Regional level, this paper is mainly focused on Wallonia, the Southern and French-speaking Region of Belgium and on several policy instruments: prepayment meters, subsidies for energy-related renovations and loans of the Housing Fund for low-income-families. The description of their rules and modes of operation raises several issues related to distributional and procedural justice.