Fuel poverty exists when a household is unable to afford adequate energy services in the home on their present income. It includes all uses of energy – not just heating – and the standards to be obtained are what is needed, not what is being achieved. This is a normative definition. The energy inefficiency of the home (and other energy-using equipment) is the main cause of fuel poverty and the route to its eradication. Improving the energy efficiency of the housing stock is a slow process, so in the short term the focus has also to be on higher incomes and reduced fuel prices.