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Energy poverty in Poland, 2012-2016


The aim of the report is to present the scale and characteristics of energy poverty in Poland based on the latest available data. Energy poverty in 2016 affected 12.2% of Poland's population, or 4.6 million people (1.3 million households). Its rate has decreased in the last 5 years by 2.2 percentage points (compared to 14.4% of energy poor in 2012). The improvement in the situation of households was to a large extent the result of an increase in income. Energy poverty should be seen not as an aspect of income poverty but as a separate dimension of deprivation: almost 6% of Poland’s population (2.1 million) were energy poor, but not income poor. The vast majority (2/3) of the energy poor were rural areas’ inhabitants. This is a consequence of the relatively lower incomes of rural areas’ inhabitants and the fact that they live in detached houses, often quite large and of low energy efficiency. An important aspect is also the frequent lack of access to the heating and gas network.