Energy poverty and the vulnerable consumer: How far are we from Europe?
Energy poverty, understood as an issue of accessibility of energy resources, as well as the defective access to modern means of ensuring comfort in dwellings, is a widespread phenomenon in the European Union, the post-Communist space being particularly affected by it. In Romania, the phenomenon is not marginal, but it is underestimated, incompletely addressed at the conceptual and legislative level and targeted by incoherent and contradictory policies. Starting from the prevailing discussions over the notion and the work tools carried out at the international level, the report makes a radiography of the legal framework and the public policies in Romania and analyzes the manner in which the approach practiced currently affects the social reality in our country. The report identifies the main shortcomings and offers concrete solutions. In terms of structure, the analysis is based on three main pillars: a review of the issue at the level of literature and European and international institutions, a radiography of the legislative framework and of the practices in Romania, an analysis of data at the level of our country. The study is completed by a series of conclusions and recommendations.