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Electricity consumption of households on social benefits: An empirical analysis for Germany.


This essay examines the consumption of electricity and the costs it incurs for households on social benefits in Germany. For this purpose, a dataset is evaluated with more than 22,000 households on social benefits. The results show that the household composition and the type of water heating have a considerable influence on the resulting consumption and costs. In particular, electric water heating causes significant additional costs that can not be met, especially in families or single parents with small children. Only a weak demand response of households to changes in electricity prices could be demonstrated. All in all, it can be concluded that the estimated shares for electricity that are covered by social benefits are not sufficient to meet the electricity costs.